they help transport vitamins and minerals around the body
they boost male testosterone and sex hormones
balance out your blood sugar levels
increase bone density
increasing good fat helps fight high cholesterol, heart disease and lower blood pressure
Omega 3 and 6’s are known as essential fatty acids that keep your body functioning normally and promotes good health.
Omega 3 –
walnuts and walnut oils
cured and cane dish(smoked salmon)
soy beans and spinach
Omega 6 –
nuts and seeds
low fat meat cuts – chicken, beef, sausages
low fat dairy product – milk, cheese, cream
Bad fats contribute to a range of health issues, such as causing inflammation which has direct links to heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other chronic conditions, while even small amounts of bad fats consistently being consumed can have bad long term effects
saturated fats – non lean meat cuts – chicken, beef, pork, lamb, non lean dairy – milk, cream, cheese, butter,
trans fats – deep fried food, doughnuts, pies, cookies, cakes, crackers, margarine, popcorn
In a nutshell – the analogy that I like to used when explaining fats to clients is that of a car engine. Imagine your body as the engine and fats as the motor oil that keeps everything running smoothly. Regularly including good fats into your diet is like changing the oil in your engine everyday, where as high amounts of bad fats is like never changing the oil, and your engine won’t run as efficiently as you want it. And while fat intake affects body composition and fat stores, let me cast your mind back 20-30 years ago(if you are old enough to remember) to a time when the world went on the low/no-fat buzz, a lot of consumer products adopted low fat alternatives. Fast forward to now, and the number of obese people around the world is at its highest level ever. The point here is that we were looking at the wrong suspect in fat where carbohydrates were the secret bad guy causing our population a lot of problems. So while some fat is bad for you, not all of it is, and if we can get out of the mindset that ‘fat is bad for us’ and educate ourselves on fats then I’m sure we will all have a better relationship with fat moving forward.
Protein is the building block for lean muscle in the body
Protein is not stored in the body like Carbs, so it needs to be replaced in the body regularly
Protein keeps you fuller for longer reducing cravings for snack items
What protein is good for us?
Lean meats such as chicken, turkey, lamb, beef, veal, pork
many types of fish and seafood
dairy products such as yogurt, low fat milk, cottage cheese and egg whites
protein supplements can be helpful
Non – animal protein sources
In a nutshell – As mentioned earlier, protein that is not used is not stored anywhere in the body, any excess is disposed of as waste, so protein can be used to fill the gap created by consuming less carbs to achieve fat loss without the fear of carrying that extra body fat provided it is a clean and lean source of protein(if you consume too much protein however, you will know, because you may find yourself on the toilet)
Protein supplements are ideal post workout to help repair muscle tissue immediately after a training session.
My personal recommendation is that protein makes up 35-45% of your daily calorie intake for fat loss, as this means the majority of calories consumed will not store on your body
And peanut butter. Eat peanut butter. Incase you missed the encouragement, eat peanut butter. YUM.
requirements vary from person to person, due to activity level, body type and lean muscle mass
Carbs are the main source of energy for the body. Once consumed they are converted to glucose in the bloodstream which produces an insulin release. Carbs then store in our muscles and liver, which we refer to as our “carb tank”. Our bodies activity levels post consumption dictate how we use this energy.
1) Carbs consumed + body is active = energy is immediately burned
2) Carbs consumed + body is not active = energy is stored as fat
The ‘carb tank’ acts like a fuel tank for your body. If your carb tank is full then your body is primed to execute whatever type of training you are ready to do, if your tank is low then performance is not optimal, and your body will revert to using fat stores as energy.
Good carbs = high in carbs, low in fat and sugar
bad carbs = high in carbs, fat and/or sugar
Simple carbs vs complex carbs
Simple – create an insulin spike in your system that will quickly cause a crash in energy as well as being low in fibre and nutrients e.g. white bread, sugar, white rice, candy, cookies, chips
Complex – create a slow release in insulin and a sustained energy boost, are more filling, are higher in fibre and nutrients and boost the metabolism e.g. whole grain bread, brown rice, quinoa, nuts, seeds, oatmeal, fruit and vegetables
How Carbs work regarding fat loss
As I mentioned above, think of carbs like gasoline and your body as the car, only difference being you want that gas tank to be empty by the time you pull into your driveway at the end of the day, so its about having gas in the tank when you are about to training or do any strenuous activity, conversely you want to keep just enough in the tank to keep you going while you are sedentary, say at work or you are just not up to much.
In a recent study in the US, researchers have found that the number of people classed as ‘Obese’ now out numbers those classed as ‘over weight’.
In this worrying international trend, the combination of decreased physical activity and an increased reliance of convenience food have been named as contributing factors. With today’s modern and busy lifestyle, people are under more time constraints and don’t take the time to prepare a more nutritious food base
Following the publishing of these results, there have been increased calls in NZ for a sugar tax to be imposed on food supply chains that supply high sugar foods to the market.
Amongst industrialised nations, France and Japan had the lowest increases in obesity, with researchers citing less of a departure from cultural eating habits.
In 1975 the number of people classed as ‘obese’ was 105 million worldwide, while last year that number was 640 million people, an increase of 510%, while it is predicted that by 2025, 1 in 5 people will be classed as ‘obese’.
There are a lot of scary looking numbers in this article, the scariest idea for me from a personal point of view is the pre-disposition of these kinds of health habits to children. Choices that parents make for their children on a daily basis can create the idea in the heads of kids that those habits are just a normal part of life, when in reality they shouldn’t be. We wouldn’t go around telling our kids that global warming isn’t real and that caring for the planet doesn’t matter, because we will leave the planet to them and we want to leave it in the best shape possible. So why then do we not do the same when it comes to our kids nutrition?
Over the next few weeks I will be posting about nutrition, from calories to macro-nutrients, to portion sizes, timing of meals through the day and a whole bunch of other hints and tips so that you can increase you knowledge and help fight the obesity epidemic that currently threatens the health of our population at large.